List of May 15 Historical Events and Facts
This Day In History: List of May 15 Historical Events and Facts
- 1252: Pope Innocent IV issues the papal bull ad exstirpanda, which authorizes, but also limits, the torture of heretics in the Medieval Inquisition.
- 1525: The battle of Frankenhausen ends the German Peasants’ War.
- 1536: Anne Boleyn, Queen of England, stands trial in London on charges of treason, adultery and inceSt. She is condemned to death by a specially-selected jury.
- 1567: Mary, Queen of Scots, marries James Hepburn, 4th Earl of Bothwell, her third husband.
- 1602: Bartholomew Gosnold becomes the first European to see Cape Cod.
- 1618: Johannes Kepler confirms his previously rejected discovery of the third law of planetary motion .
- 1648: The Treaty of Westphalia signed.
- 1701: The War of the Spanish Succession begins.
- 1718: James Puckle, a London lawyer, patents the world’s first machine gun.
- 1755: Laredo, Texas is established by the Spaniards.
- 1776: American Revolution: the Virginia Convention instructs its Continental Congress delegation to propose a resolution of independence from Great Britain, paving the way for the United States Declaration of Independence.
- 1791: Maximilien Robespierre proposes the Self-denying Ordinance.
- 1792: War of the First Coalition: France declares war on Kingdom of Sardinia.
- 1793: Diego MarÌn Aguilera flies a glider for “about 360 meters”, at a height of 5-6 meters, during one of the first attempted flights.
- 1796: First Coalition: Napoleon enters Milan in triumph.
- 1800: George III survives two assassination attempts in one day.
- 1811: Paraguay declares independence from Spain.
- 1817: Opening of the first private mental health hospital in the United States, the Asylum for the Relief of Persons Deprived of the Use of Their Reason in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
- 1836: Francis Baily observes “Baily’s beads” during an annular eclipse.
- 1849: Troops of the Two Sicilies take Palermo and crush the republican government of Sicily
- 1850: The Bloody Island Massacre takes place in Lake County, CA, in which a large number of Pomo Indians in Lake County were slaughtered by a regiment of the United States Cavalry, led by Nathaniel Lyon.
- 1851: Rama IV is crowned King of Thailand.
- 1858: Opening of the present Royal Opera House in Covent Garden, London.
- 1862: President Abraham Lincoln signs a bill into law creating the United States Bureau of Agriculture.
- 1864: American Civil War: Battle of Resaca, Georgia ends.
- 1864: American Civil War: Battle of New Market, Virginia: students from the Virginia Military Institute fight alongside the Confederate Army to force Union General Franz Sigel out of the Shenandoah Valley.
- 1869: Woman’s suffrage: in New York, Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton form the National Woman’s Suffrage Association.
- 1905: The Russian minelayer Amur laid a minefield about 15 miles off Port Arthur and sank Japan’s battleship Hatsuse, 15,000 tons, with 496 crew.
- 1905: Las Vegas, Nevada, is founded when 110 acres , in what later would become downtown, are auctioned off.
- 1911: The United States Supreme Court declares Standard Oil to be an “unreasonable” monopoly under the Sherman Antitrust Act and orders the company to be broken up.
- 1928: Mickey Mouse premiered in his first cartoon, Plane Crazy
- 1929: A fire at the Cleveland Clinic in Cleveland, Ohio kills 123.
- 1932: The May 15 Incident: in an attempted Coup d’Ètat, the Prime Minister of Japan Inukai Tsuyoshi is killed.
- 1934: Karlis Ulmanis establishes an authoritarian government in Latvia.
- 1935: The Moscow Metro is opened to public.
- 1936: Amy Johnson arrives back in England after a record-breaking return flight to Cape Town
- 1940: USS Sailfish recommissioned, originally the USS Squalus.
- 1940: World War II: After fierce fighting, the poorly trained and equipped Dutch troops surrender to Germany, marking the beginning of five years of occupation.
- 1940: McDonald’s opens its first restaurant in San Bernardino, California.
- 1942: World War II: in the United States, a bill creating the Women’s Army Auxiliary Corps is signed into law.
- 1943: Joseph Stalin dissolves the Comintern .
- 1945: World War II: The final skirmish in Europe is fought near Prevalje, Slovenia.
- 1948: Following the demise of the British Mandate of Palestine, Egypt, Transjordan, Lebanon, Syria, Iraq and Saudi Arabia invade the territory partitioned for the Arab state by the British Mandate of Palestine thus starting the 1948 Arab-Israeli War.
- 1951: The Polish cultural attache in Paris, Czeslaw Milosz, asks the French government for political asylum.
- 1957: At Malden Island in the Pacific, Britain tests its first hydrogen bomb in Operation Grapple. The device fails to detonate properly.
- 1958: The Soviet Union launches Sputnik 3.
- 1960: The Soviet Union launches Sputnik 4.
- 1963: Project Mercury: The launch of the final Mercury mission, Mercury-Atlas 9 with astronaut L. Gordon Cooper on board. He becomes the first American to spend more than a day in space.
- 1966: After a policy dispute, Prime Minister Nguyen Cao Ky of South Vietnam’s ruling junta launches a military attack on the forces of General Ton That Dinh, forcing him to abandon his command.
- 1969: People’s Park: California Governor Ronald Reagan has an impromptu student park owned by University of California at Berkeley fenced off from student anti-war protestors, sparking a riot called Bloody Thursday.
- 1970: President Richard Nixon appoints Anna Mae Hays and Elizabeth P.
- 1970: Philip Lafayette Gibbs and James Earl Green are killed at Jackson State University by police during student protests.
- 1972: The island of Okinawa, under U.S. military governance since its conquest in 1945, reverts to Japanese control.
- 1972: In Laurel, Maryland, Arthur Bremer shoots and paralyzes Alabama Governor George Wallace while he is campaigning to be become President.
- 1974: Ma’alot massacre: In an Arab terrorist attack and hostage taking at an Israeli school, a total of 31 people are killed, including 22 schoolchildren.
- 1987: The Soviet Union launches the Polyus prototype orbital weapons platform. It fails to reach orbit.
- 1988: Soviet war in Afghanistan: After more than eight years of fighting, the Red Army begins its withdrawal from Afghanistan.
- 1990: Portrait of Doctor Gachet by Vincent van Gogh is sold for a record $82.5 million, the most expensive painting at the time.
- 1991: Edith Cresson becomes France’s first female prime minister.
- 1997: The United States government acknowledges the existence of the “Secret War” in Laos and dedicates the Laos Memorial in honor of Hmong and other “Secret War” veterans.
- 2008: California becomes the second U.S. state after Massachusetts in 2004 to legalize same-sex marriage after the state’s own Supreme Court rules a previous ban unconstitutional.
- 2010: Jessica Watson becomes the youngest person to sail, non-stop and unassisted around the world solo.
It is later renamed the United States Department of Agriculture.
Hoisington the first female United States Army Generals.
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