List of May 14 Historical Events and Facts
This Day In History: List of May 14 Historical Events and Facts
- 1264: Battle of Lewes: Henry III of England is captured and forced to sign the Mise of Lewes, making Simon de Montfort the de facto ruler of England.
- 1483: Coronation of Charles VIII of France .
- 1509: Battle of Agnadello: In northern Italy, French forces defeat the Venetians.
- 1607: Jamestown, Virginia is settled as an English colony.
- 1608: The Protestant Union is founded in Auhausen.
- 1610: Henry IV of France is assassinated bringing Louis XIII to the throne.
- 1643: Four-year-old Louis XIV becomes King of France upon the death of his father, Louis XIII.
- 1747: A British fleet under Admiral George Anson defeats the French at the first battle of Cape Finisterre.
- 1796: Edward Jenner administers the first smallpox vaccination.
- 1804: The Lewis and Clark Expedition departs from Camp Dubois and begins its historic journey by traveling up the Missouri River.
- 1811: Paraguay gains independence from Spain.
- 1836: The Treaties of Velasco are signed in Velasco, Texas.
- 1861: The Canellas meteorite, an 859-gram chondrite-type meteorite, strikes the earth near Barcelona, Spain.
- 1863: American Civil War: The Battle of Jackson takes place.
- 1868: Japanese Boshin War: end of the Battle of Utsunomiya Castle, former Shogunate forces withdraw northward to Aizu by way of Nikko.
- 1870: The first game of rugby in New Zealand is played in Nelson between Nelson College and the Nelson Rugby Football Club.
- 1879: The first group of 463 Indian indentured laborers arrives in Fiji aboard the Leonidas.
- 1889: The children’s charity NSPCC is launched in London.
- 1913: New York Governor William Sulzer approves the charter for the Rockefeller Foundation, which begins operations with a $100 million donation from John D. Rockefeller.
- 1925: Virginia Woolf’s novel Mrs Dalloway is published.
- 1927: The Cap Arcona is launched at the Blohm & Voss shipyard in Hamburg.
- 1927: The University of Chicago’s local collegiate organization, Phi Sigma, becomes incorporated under Illinois law as Eta Sigma Phi, the National Honorary Classical Fraternity.
- 1929: Wilfred Rhodes takes his 4000th first-class wicket during a performance of 9 for 39 at Leyton.
- 1935: The Philippines ratifies an independence agreement.
- 1939: Lina Medina becomes the youngest confirmed mother in medical history at the age of five.
- 1940: World War II: Rotterdam is bombed by the German Luftwaffe.
- 1940: World War II: The Netherlands surrenders to Germany.
- 1940: The Yermolayev Yer-2, a long-range Soviet medium bomber, has its first flight.
- 1943: A Japanese submarine sinks AHS Centaur off the coast of Queensland.
- 1948: Israel is declared to be an independent state and a provisional government is established. Immediately after the declaration, Israel is attacked by the neighboring Arab states, triggering the 1948 Arab-Israeli War.
- 1952: Trains run on the Talyllyn Railway in Wales for the first time since preservation, making it the first railway in the world to be operated by volunteers.
- 1955: Cold War: Eight communist bloc countries, including the Soviet Union, sign a mutual defense treaty called the Warsaw Pact.
- 1961: American civil rights movement: The Freedom Riders bus is fire-bombed near Anniston, Alabama, and the civil rights protesters are beaten by an angry moB.
- 1963: Kuwait joins the United Nations.
- 1970: The Red Army Faction is established in Germany.
- 1973: Skylab, the United States’ first space station, is launched.
- 1986: The Pride of Baltimore is lost at sea.
- 1988: Carrollton bus collision: a drunk driver traveling the wrong way on Interstate 71 near Carrollton, Kentucky, United States hits a converted school bus carrying a church youth group. The crash and ensuing fire kill 27.
- 2004: The Constitutional Court of South Korea overturns the impeachment of President Roh Moo-hyun.
- 2005: The former USS America, a decommissioned supercarrier of the United States Navy, is deliberately sunk in the Atlantic Ocean after four weeks of live-fire exercises.
She is the largest ship ever to be disposed of as a target in a military exercise.
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