List of May 30 Historical Events and Facts
- 1536: King Henry VIII of England marries Jane Seymour, a lady-in-waiting to his first two wives.
- 1539: In Florida, Hernando de Soto lands at Tampa Bay with 600 soldiers with the goal of finding gold.
- 1574: Henry III becomes King of France.
- 1588: The last ship of the Spanish Armada sets sail from Lisbon heading for the English Channel.
- 1631: Publication of La Gazette, first French newspaper.
- 1635: Thirty Years’ War: the Peace of Prague is signed.
- 1642: From this date all honours granted by Charles I are retrospectively annulled by Parliament.
- 1806: Andrew Jackson kills Charles Dickinson in a duel after Dickinson had accused Jackson’s wife of bigamy.
- 1814: Napoleonic Wars: War of the Sixth Coalition: the Treaty of Paris is signed returning French borders to their 1792 extent. Napoleon Bonaparte is exiled to Elba.
- 1815: The East Indiaman ship Arniston is wrecked during a storm at Waenhuiskrans, near Cape Agulhas, present-day South Africa, with the loss of 372 lives.
- 1832: End of the Hambach Festival in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany.
- 1832: The Rideau Canal in eastern Ontario is opened.
- 1834: Joaquim AntÛnio de Aguiar issue a law extinguishing “all convents, monasteries, colleges, hospices and any other houses of the regular religious orders”, earning him the nickname of “The Friar-Killer”.
- 1842: John Francis attempts to murder Queen Victoria as she drives down Constitution Hill, London with Prince Albert.
- 1854: The Kansas-Nebraska Act becomes law establishing the US territories of Nebraska and Kansas.
- 1859: Westminster’s Big Ben rang for the first time in London.
- 1868: Decoration Day is observed in the United States for the first time .
- 1871: The Paris Commune falls.
- 1876: Ottoman sultan Abd-ul-Aziz is deposed and succeeded by his nephew Murat V.
- 1879: New York City’s Gilmores Garden is renamed Madison Square Garden by William Henry Vanderbilt and is opened to the public at 26th Street and Madison Avenue.
- 1883: In New York City, a rumor that the Brooklyn Bridge is going to collapse causes a stampede that crushes twelve people.
- 1911: At the Indianapolis Motor Speedway, the first Indianapolis 500 ends with Ray Harroun in his Marmon Wasp becoming the first winner of the 500-mile auto race.
- 1913: First Balkan War: the Treaty of London, 1913 is signed ending the war. Albania becomes an independent nation.
- 1914: The new and then largest Cunard ocean liner RMS Aquitania, 45,647 tons, sets sails on her maiden voyage from Liverpool, England to New York City.
- 1917: Alexander I becomes king of Greece.
- 1922: In Washington, D.C. the Lincoln Memorial is dedicated.
- 1925: May 30 Movement: Shanghai Municipal Police Force shot 13 protesting workers to death.
- 1941: World War II: Manolis Glezos and Apostolos Santas climb on the Athenian Acropolis, tear down the Nazi swastika.
- 1942: World War II: 1000 British bombers launch a 90-minute attack on Cologne, Germany.
- 1948: A dike along the flooding Columbia River breaks, obliterating Vanport, Oregon within minutes.
- 1958: Memorial Day: the remains of two unidentified American servicemen, killed in action during World War II and the Korean War respectively, are buried at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier in Arlington National Cemetery.
- 1959: The Auckland Harbour Bridge, crossing the Waitemata Harbour in Auckland, New Zealand, is officially opened by Governor-General Lord Cobham.
- 1961: Long time Dominican dictator Rafael Trujillo is assassinated in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic.
- 1963: A protest against pro-Catholic discrimination during the Buddhist crisis is held outside South Vietnam’s National Assembly, the first open demonstration during the eight-year rule of Ngo Dinh Diem.
- 1966: Former Congolese Prime Minister Evariste Kimba and several other politicians are publicly executed in Kinshasa on the orders of President Joseph Mobutu.
- 1966: launch of Surveyor 1 the first US spacecraft to achieve landing on an extraterrestrial body.
- 1967: The Nigerian Eastern Region declares independence as the Republic of Biafra, sparking a civil war.
- 1971: Mariner program: Mariner 9 is launched to map 70% of the surface, and to study temporal changes in the atmosphere and surface, of Mars.
- 1972: The Angry Brigade goes on trial over a series of 25 bombings throughout Britain.
- 1972: In Tel Aviv members of the Japanese Red Army carry out the Lod Airport Massacre, killing 24 people and injuring 78 others.
- 1989: Tiananmen Square protests of 1989: the 33-foot high “Goddess of Democracy” statue is unveiled in Tiananmen Square by student demonstrators.
- 1998: A magnitude 6.6 earthquake hits northern Afghanistan, killing up to 5,000.
- 2002: 272 days after the September 11 attacks, closing ceremonies are held for the clean up/recovery efforts at the World Trade Center site in New York City. The last remaining steel beam is removed and transported to the Fresh Kills Landfill in Staten Island.
Fifteen people die and tens of thousands are left homeless.
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