Facts about Venezuela For Kids
Venezuela’s territory covers around 353,841 sq mi with an estimated population of 29,105,632.
- Venezuela is considered a state with extremely high biodiversity, with habitats ranging from the Andes mountains in the west to the Amazon Basin rainforest in the south, via extensive llanos plains and Caribbean coast in the center and the Orinoco River Delta in the east.
- It became one of the first Spanish American colonies to declare independence , but did not securely establish independence until 1821 .
- During the 19th century Venezuela suffered political turmoil and dictatorship, and it was dominated by regional caudillos well into the 20th century.
- The country has intermittently had democratic governments between 1945 and the present day; like most countries of Latin America, it has suffered some coups and military dictatorships.
- A collapse in confidence in the existing parties saw the 1998 election of former career officer Hugo Chavez, and the launch of the Bolivarian Revolution, beginning with a 1999 Constituent Assembly to write a new Constitution of Venezuela.
- Since the discovery of oil in the early 20th century, Venezuela has been one of the world’s leading exporters of oil and has the largest oil reserves.
- It is not known how many people lived in Venezuela before the Spanish Conquest; it may have been around a million people, and in addition to today’s indigenous peoples included groups such as the Auaké, Caquetio, Mariche and Timoto-cuicas.