Facts about The Korean War Veterans Memorial for Kids
Gathered by: B.Matthews
- The Korean War Veterans Memorial is located in Washington, D.C.’s West Potomac Park, southeast of the Lincoln Memorial and just south of the Reflecting Pool on the National Mall.
- The Veterans Memorial was authorized by the U.S. Congress on October 28, 1986, with design and construction managed by the Korean War Veterans Memorial Advisory Board and the American Battle Monuments Commission.
- The initial design competition was won in 1989 by a team of four architects from The Pennsylvania State University, but this team withdrew as it became clear that changes would be needed to satisfy the advisory board and reviewing agencies such as the Commission of Fine Arts.
- The companies and organizations involved in the construction are listed on the memorial as: the Faith Construction company, the R. J. Crowley company, the Cold Spring Granite Company, the Tallix Art Foundry and the Baltimore District of the US Army Corps of Engineers.
- When reflected on the wall, there appear to be 38 soldiers, representing the 38th parallel.
- Behind, to the south, is a 164-foot-long black granite wall, created by Louis Nelson, with photographic images sandblasted into it depicting soldiers, equipment and people involved in the war.
- To the north of the statues and path is the United Nations Wall, a low wall listing the 22 members of the United Nations that contributed troops or medical support to the Korean war effort.
- Dead — United States: 54,246, United Nations: 628,833 Wounded — United States: 103,284, United Nations: 1,064,453.
- On February 25, 2010, the United States Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit ruled on appeal that the memorial sculptor Frank Gaylord was entitled to compensation for a 37 cent postage stamp which used an image of the sculpture because he had not signed away his intellectual property rights to the sculpture when it was erected.
- Gaylord won all of his arguments in the lower court except for one—the court ruled the photo was fair use and thus he was not entitled to compensation.