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Facts about St. Louis For Kids

Gathered by: Khanson

  • St. Louis is an independent city and a major United States port on the eastern border of Missouri.
  • The metropolitan St. Louis area, known as Greater St. Louis, is the 19th-largest metropolitan area in the United States with a population of 2,900,605.
  • After the Louisiana Purchase, it became a major port on the Mississippi River.
  • It seceded from St. Louis County in March 1877, allowing it to become an independent city and limiting its political boundaries.
  • The city is commonly identified with the Gateway Arch, part of the Jefferson National Expansion Memorial in downtown St. Louis.
  • The area that would become St. Louis was a center of Native American Mississippian culture, which built numerous temple and residential earthwork mounds in the region, giving the city its early nickname, the “Mound City”, a name that persisted in the jazz band Mound City Blue Blowers founded in 1923.
  • European exploration of the area began in 1673, when French explorers Louis Jolliet and Jacques Marquette traveled through the Mississippi River valley.
  • Genevieve, Missouri, across the Mississippi River from Kaskaskia, and in early 1764, Pierre Laclède and his stepson Auguste Chouteau founded the city of St. Louis.
  • During the American Civil War, St. Louis was the site of significant divisions, although no combat took place in the city after the 1861 Camp Jackson Affair.
  • On August 22, 1876, the city of St. Louis voted to secede from St. Louis County and become an independent city, and industrial production continued to increase during the late 19th century.
  • Proceeds from the fair provided the city with Forest Park, the St. Louis Art Museum, the St. Louis Zoo and the Missouri History Museum.
  • It reached its peak population of 856,796 at the 1950 census.
  • The city’s eastern border is the Mississippi River, which also separates Missouri from Illinois.
  • St. Louis lies in the transitional zone between the humid continental climate type and the humid subtropical climate type, with neither large mountains nor large bodies of water to moderate its temperature.
  • The Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis in downtown is one of two federal reserve banks in Missouri.
  • St. Louis is home to professional Major League Baseball, National Football League, and National Hockey League teams, notable collegiate-level soccer teams, and has hosted several collegiate sports tournaments.
  • The St. Louis Zoo-Museum district collects property taxes from residents of both St. Louis City and County and the funds are used to support cultural institutions including the St. Louis Zoo, St. Louis Art Museum and the Missouri Botanical Gardens.
  • The Military Personnel Records Center (NPRC-MPR) located at 9700 Page Avenue in St. Louis, Missouri, USA, is a branch of the National Personnel Records Center and is the repository of over 56 million military personnel records and medical records pertaining to retired, discharged, and deceased veterans of the U.S. armed forces.
  • The city is home to two national research universities, Washington University in St. Louis and Saint Louis University, as classified under the Carnegie Classification of Institutions of Higher Education.
  • Louis International Airport, located in northwest St. Louis County.
  • The School of Medicine also is affiliated with St. Louis Children’s Hospital, one of the country’s top pediatric hospitals.
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