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Facts about Pittsburgh for Kids

Gathered by: A.Moore

  • With a metropolitan CSA population of 2,661,369 it is the largest in both the Ohio Valley and Appalachia and the 22nd-largest in the U.S. Pittsburgh is known as both “the Steel City” for its more than 300 related businesses and “the City of Bridges” for its world record 446 bridges.
  • The city also features 27 skyscrapers, two inclined railways, a pre-revolutionary fortification, and the source of the Ohio at the confluence of the Monongahela and Allegheny.
  • This vital link of the Atlantic coast and the Mid-west cuts through the mineral-rich Alleghenies and made the Pittsburgh area coveted by the French and British empires, Virginia, Whiskey Rebels, Civil War raiders and media networks.
  • Pittsburgh is a leader in LEED technology, with 60 total and 10 of the world’s first “green” buildings, including downtown’s convention center, even as Shell and Chevron have invested billions in the area’s energy renaissance with Marcellus shale.
  • A renaissance of Pittsburgh’s 115 year old film industry—that boasts the world’s first movie theater—has grown from the long running 3R Film Festival to an influx of major productions including Disney and Paramount offices with the largest sound stage outside Los Angeles and New York.
  • Pittsburgh was officially named with its present spelling on April 22, 1794, by an act of the Pennsylvania Department, stating, “Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, in General Assembly met, and it is hereby enacted by the authority of the same, that the said town of Pittsburgh shall be, and the same is hereby, erected into a borough, which shall be called the borough of Pittsburgh for ever.”
  • Pittsburgh is one of the few American cities to be spelled with an h at the end of a burg suffix.
  • While named “Pittsburg” from 1890 to 1911 following a declaration by the United States Board on Geographic Names, the “Pittsburgh” spelling was officially restored after a public campaign by the citizens of the city.
  • One of its earliest industries was building boats for settlers to enter the Ohio Country.
  • In addition to the downtown Golden Triangle, the city extends northeast to include the Oakland and Shadyside sections, which are home to the University of Pittsburgh, Carnegie Mellon University, Chatham University, Carnegie Museum and Library, and many other educational, medical, and cultural institutions.
  • The names of more than a quarter of Pittsburgh’s neighborhoods make reference to “hills,” “heights,” or other indicators of topographical complexity.
  • Although the area has improved its air quality with every annual survey the American Lung Association’s rankings have been disputed by the Allegheny County Health Department, since data from only one of the region’s 20 air quality monitors is considered by the ALA, without any context or averaging.
  • It is also home to Point Park University, The Art Institute of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh Culinary Institute, a former Robert Morris University branch campus (bought by Duquesne University in 2011) and Duquesne University which is located on the border of Downtown and Uptown.
  • The same study ranked Pittsburgh 15th of the 69 places in terms of number of residents 25 years or older who have completed a high school degree, with a figure of 84.7%.
  • Concurrent with the jurisdiction of Allegheny County is the County Police (primarily parks and airports) the Port Authority police for rapid transit, the housing and school police, and suburban departments.
  • Other major companies headquartered in Pittsburgh include General Nutrition Center (GNC) and CNX Gas (CXG), a subsidiary of Consol Energy.
  • Historically Pittsburgh has been grouped in the “rust belt”, however reflective of the rebound of the region within the last generation the metro area has come to be associated with the newly rebranded “Great Lakes Basin” gaining representation in the Great Lakes Metro Chamber Coalition, while the “America 2050″ organization claims that Pittsburgh is one of the “principal cities” of the Great Lakes Megalopolis.
  • Heinz Field serves as the home field for both the Steelers and Pitt Panthers, as well as the title rounds of both the suburban and city high school football championships.
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