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Facts about Anchorage for Kids

Gathered by: S.Henniman

  • Anchorage is a unified home rule municipality in the southcentral part of Alaska.
  • It is the northernmost city in the United States with more than 100,000 residents and the largest community in North America north of the 60th parallel.
  • With 291,826 residents in 2010, it is Alaska’s most populous city and constitutes more than 40 percent of the state’s total population; among the 50 states, only New York has a higher percentage of residents who live in the state’s most populous city.
  • Anchorage has been named All-America City four times, in 1956, 1965, 1984/1985 and 2002, by the National Civic League.
  • It has also been named by Kiplinger as the most tax friendly city in the United States.
  • Russian presence in south central Alaska was well established in the 19th century.
  • Aviation operations in Anchorage commenced along the firebreak south of town, which was also used by residents as a golf course.
  • Merrill Field served as Anchorage’s primary airport during the 1930s and 1940s, when it was replaced by Anchorage International Airport upon its opening in 1951.
  • Elmendorf Air Force Base and Fort Richardson were constructed in the 1940s, and served as the city’s primary economic engine until the 1968 Prudhoe Bay discovery shifted the thrust of the economy toward the oil industry.
  • In 1975, the City of Anchorage and the Greater Anchorage Area Borough (which includes Eagle River, Girdwood, Glen Alps, and several other communities) merged into the geographically larger Municipality of Anchorage.
  • Boroughs and census areas adjacent to the Municipality of Anchorage are Matanuska-Susitna Borough to the north, Kenai Peninsula Borough to the south and Valdez-Cordova Census Area to the east.
  • Mountain goats can be commonly sighted along the Seward Highway between Anchorage and Girdwood, and Dall sheep are often viewed quite close to the road at Windy Point.
  • In 2010, there were 291,826 people, 107,332 households and 70,544 families residing in the municipality.
  • Anchorage’s largest economic sectors include transportation, military, municipal, state and federal government, tourism, corporate headquarters (including regional headquarters for multinational corporations) and resource extraction.
  • Located next to Town Square Park in downtown Anchorage, the Alaska Center for the Performing Arts is a three-part complex, hosting numerous performing arts events each year.
  • The Anchorage Football Stadium and Mulcahy Stadium are also noteworthy sports venues National attention is focused on Anchorage on the first Saturday of each March, when the Iditarod Trail Sled Dog Race kicks off with its ceremonial start downtown on Fourth Avenue.
  • Alaska Natives are victimized at a much higher rate than their representation in the population.
  • Anchorage has four higher-education facilities that offer bachelor’s or master’s degrees: the University of Alaska Anchorage, Alaska Pacific University, Charter College, and the Anchorage campus of Texas-based Wayland Baptist University.
  • The Alaska Railroad offers year-round freight service along the length of its rail system between Seward (the southern terminus of the system), Fairbanks (the northern terminus of the system), and Whittier (a deep water, ice-free port).
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