Battle of Bushy Run Facts and History
Gathered by: T.Price
- Though the British suffered serious losses during the Battle of Bushy Run, they routed the tribemen and successfully relieved the garrison of Fort Pitt.
- In July 1763, a British relief column of 500 British soldiers, including the 42nd Highlanders, 60th Royal Americans, and 77th Highlanders, left Carlisle, Pennsylvania, to relieve Fort Pitt, then under siege.
- On August 5, at about 1PM, a part of the force investing Fort Pitt ambushed the British column one mile east of Bushy Run Station, at Edge Hill.
- The British managed to hold their ground until after sunset, when the natives withdrew.
- Bouquet ordered a redoubt constructed on Edge Hill, and the British placed their wounded and livestock in the center of the perimeter.
- With the surprise attack of the sentries, from a flank, and a frontal assault by the main British column, the outnumbered Indians fled in a disorganized retreat.
- A second account holds that the warriors attacked in the morning and “redoubled their efforts to break the British line”.
- Instead, the British soldiers fired a volley in their faces and “made terrible havock” with the bayonet.
- Having dispersed its attackers, Bouquet’s column headed to Bushy Run, a mile along the Forbes road, where there was badly needed water.
- The battle has since been attributed to the Bushy Run location, despite the main fighting taking place in Edge Hill.
- Bouquet then marched to the relief of Fort Pitt.
- The battle cost the lives of 50 British soldiers, including 29 of the 42nd Highlanders, seven of the 1/60th Royal Americans, six of the 77th Highlanders, and eight Civilians and volunteers.
- Bouquet estimated he fought an equal number as his own force.
- One contemporary report claimed 20 Indians were killed and many more wounded.