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Battle of Bushy Run Facts and History

Gathered by: T.Price

  • Though the British suffered serious losses during the Battle of Bushy Run, they routed the tribemen and successfully relieved the garrison of Fort Pitt.
  • In July 1763, a British relief column of 500 British soldiers, including the 42nd Highlanders, 60th Royal Americans, and 77th Highlanders, left Carlisle, Pennsylvania, to relieve Fort Pitt, then under siege.
  • On August 5, at about 1PM, a part of the force investing Fort Pitt ambushed the British column one mile east of Bushy Run Station, at Edge Hill.
  • The British managed to hold their ground until after sunset, when the natives withdrew.
  • Bouquet ordered a redoubt constructed on Edge Hill, and the British placed their wounded and livestock in the center of the perimeter.
  • With the surprise attack of the sentries, from a flank, and a frontal assault by the main British column, the outnumbered Indians fled in a disorganized retreat.
  • A second account holds that the warriors attacked in the morning and “redoubled their efforts to break the British line”.
  • Instead, the British soldiers fired a volley in their faces and “made terrible havock” with the bayonet.
  • Having dispersed its attackers, Bouquet’s column headed to Bushy Run, a mile along the Forbes road, where there was badly needed water.
  • The battle has since been attributed to the Bushy Run location, despite the main fighting taking place in Edge Hill.
  • Bouquet then marched to the relief of Fort Pitt.
  • The battle cost the lives of 50 British soldiers, including 29 of the 42nd Highlanders, seven of the 1/60th Royal Americans, six of the 77th Highlanders, and eight Civilians and volunteers.
  • Bouquet estimated he fought an equal number as his own force.
  • One contemporary report claimed 20 Indians were killed and many more wounded.
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